Carpeting 101

Carpets have been a popular floor covering around the world for more than a century because they provide a soft, cushioned surface in almost any location.

Carpet Fibers

There are a variety of natural and synthetic fibers used in the manufacture of carpeting. The four most common are Nylon, Polyester, Polypropylene and Wool.

Carpet Durability: Twist and Density

Durability is heavily reliant on a carpet’s density and twist, two specifications listed on the label. Density refers to the number of fibers per square inch. Twist is the number of times a strand of fiber is twisted per inch.

Carpet Pile

Carpet is made by looping yarn through a piece of backing material in a movement similar to sewing a button on a shirt. All carpets begin as a loop carpet, but these loops can be cut—hence the name ‘cut pile’ carpet. The way the loop is treated will define the carpets pile. Popular cut piles are plush, Saxony, and frieze.

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